EAACK—A Secure Intrusion-Detection System for MANETs (2013)

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EAACK—A Secure Intrusion-Detection System for MANETs

 

ABSTRACT:

The migration to wireless network from wired network has been a global trend in the past few decades. The mobility and scalability brought by wireless network made it possible in many applications. Among all the contemporary wireless networks, Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is one of the most important and unique applications. On the contrary to traditional network architecture, MANET does not require a fixed network infrastructure; every single node works as both a transmitter and a receiver. Nodes communicate directly with each other when they are both within the same communication range. Otherwise, they rely on their neighbors to relay messages. The self-configuring ability of nodes inMANETmade it popular among critical mission applications like military use or emergency recovery. However, the open medium and wide distribution of nodes make MANET vulnerable to malicious attackers. In this case, it is crucial to develop efficient intrusion-detection mechanisms to protect MANET from attacks. With the improvements of the technology and cut in hardware costs, we are witnessing a current trend of expanding MANETs into industrial applications. To adjust to such trend, we strongly believe that it is vital to address its potential security issues. In this paper, we propose and implement a new intrusion-detection system named Enhanced Adaptive ACKnowledgment (EAACK) specially designed for MANETs. Compared to contemporary approaches, EAACK demonstrates higher malicious-behavior-detection rates in certain circumstances while does not greatly affect the network performances.

AIM:

In this paper a new Intrusion-Detection system technique is used to prevent a malicious node in the MANETS, the malicious attacker used the wide distribution and open medium features of the MANETS to establish the vulnerabilities in the network.

SYNOPSIS:

MANET is a self-configuring infrastructure network of mobile devices connected by wireless network it equipped with both a wireless transmitter and a receiver that communicate each other bidirectional wireless either directly or indirectly.

One of the major advantages of wireless networks is its ability to allow data communication between different parties and still maintain their mobility. This means that two nodes cannot communicate with each other when the distance between the two nodes is beyond the communication range of their own. MANET solves this problem by allowing intermediate parties to relay data transmissions. This is achieved by dividing

MANET into two types of networks, namely, single-hop and multihop. Unfortunately, the open medium and remote distribution of MANET make it vulnerable to various types of attacks.

 

Due to the nodes lack of physical protection, malicious attackers can easily capture and compromise nodes to achieve attacks. In particular, considering the fact that most routing protocols in MANETs assume that every node in the network behaves cooperatively with other nodes and presumably not malicious.

If MANET can detect the attackers as soon as they enter the network, we will be able to completely eliminate the potential damages caused by compromised nodes at the first time. IDSs usually act as the second layer in MANETs, and they are a great complement to existing proactive approaches.

EXISTING SYSTEM:

By definition, Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of mobile nodes equipped with both a wireless transmitter and a receiver that communicate with each other via bidirectional wireless links either directly or indirectly. Unfortunately, the open medium and remote distribution of MANET make it vulnerable to various types of attacks. For example, due to the nodes’ lack of physical protection, malicious attackers can easily capture and compromise nodes to achieve attacks. In particular, considering the fact that most routing protocols in MANETs assume that every node in the network behaves cooperatively with other nodes and presumably not malicious, attackers can easily compromise MANETs by inserting malicious or noncooperative nodes into the network. Furthermore, because of MANET’s distributed architecture and changing topology, a traditional centralized monitoring technique is no longer feasible in MANETs. In such case, it is crucial to develop an intrusion-detection system (IDS) specially designed for MANETs.

 

DISADVANTAGES OF EXISTING SYSTEM:

 

Watchdog scheme fails to detect malicious misbehaviors with the presence of the following: 1) ambiguous collisions; 2) receiver collisions; 3) limited transmission power; 4) false misbehavior report; 5) collusion; and 6) partial dropping.

 

The TWOACK scheme successfully solves the receiver collision and limited transmission power problems posed by Watchdog. However, the acknowledgment process required in every packet transmission process added a significant amount of unwanted network overhead. Due to the limited battery power nature of MANETs, such redundant transmission process can easily degrade the life span of the entire network.

 

The concept of adopting a hybrid scheme in AACK greatly reduces the network overhead, but both TWOACK and AACK still suffer from the problem that they fail to detect malicious nodes with the presence of false misbehavior report and forged acknowledgment packets.

 

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

In fact, many of the existing IDSs in MANETs adopt an acknowledgment-based scheme, including TWOACK and AACK. The functions of such detection schemes all largely depend on the acknowledgment packets. Hence, it is crucial to guarantee that the acknowledgment packets are valid and authentic. To address this concern, we adopt a digital signature in our proposed scheme named Enhanced AACK (EAACK).

 

ADVANTAGES OF PROPOSED SYSTEM:

 

Our proposed approach EAACK is designed to tackle three of the six weaknesses of Watchdog scheme, namely, false misbehavior, limited transmission power, and receiver collision.

 

MODULES:

v ACK implementation

v Secure Acknowledgment (S-ACK)

v Misbehavior Report Authentication (MRA)

v Digital Signature Validation

MODULES DESCRIPTION:

 

ACK implementation:

ACK is basically an end – to – end acknowledgment scheme .It is a part of EAACK scheme aiming to reduce the network overhead when no network misbehavior is detected.

The basic flow is if Node A sends an packet p1 to destination Node D, if all the intermediate node are cooperative and successfully receives the request in the Node D. It will send an ACK to the source (Node A) , if ACK from the destination get delayed then it S-ACK process will be initialized.

 

Secure Acknowledgment (S-ACK):

In the S-ACK principle is to let every three consecutive nodes work in a group to detect misbehaving nodes. For every three consecutive nodes in the route, the third node is required to send an S-ACK acknowledgment packet to the first node. The intention of introducing S-ACK mode is to detect misbehaving nodes in the presence of receiver collision or limited transmission power.

Misbehavior Report Authentication (MRA):

The MRA scheme is designed to resolve the weakness of watchdog with respect to the false misbehavior report. In this source node checks the alternate route to reach destination. Using the generated path if the packet reaches the destination then it is concluded as the false report.

Digital Signature Validation:

In all the three parts of EAACK, namely, ACK, S-ACK, and MRA, are acknowledgment-based detection schemes. They all rely on acknowledgment packets to detect misbehaviors in the network. Thus, it is extremely important to ensure that all acknowledgment packets in EAACK are authentic and untainted. Otherwise, if the attackers are smart enough to forge acknowledgment packets, all of the three schemes will be vulnerable.

 

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION:-

HARDWARE CONFIGURATION:-

 

ü Processor             -        Pentium –IV

ü Speed                             -        1.1 Ghz

ü RAM                    -        256 MB(min)

ü Hard Disk            -        20 GB

ü Key Board            -        Standard Windows Keyboard

ü Mouse                  -        Two or Three Button Mouse

ü Monitor                -        SVGA

 

SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION:-

 

ü Operating System                    : Windows XP

ü Programming Language           : JAVA

ü Java Version                           : JDK 1.6 & above.

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